The Golden fiber of jute!
Jute is the second largest natural fibre, only second to cotton. It is mainly grown in India, Bangladesh and Brazil, (of which the highest quality origin from Bangladesh). It is a cellulosic fiber that gives a yearly crop.
Since it matures in only 120 days and adds natural nutrients to the soil it is co-grown with food, for example rice, meaning it doesn’t take land area from food-production in parts of the world that struggles with poverty and famine.
The volume of cellulosic fiber produced per hectare and year is larger than the most fast growing trees.
Growing Jute demands very small amounts of chemicals and fairly small amounts of water. It is 100% biologically degradable and non-toxic.
1-hectare Jute absorbs 15 MT carbon dioxide and releases 11 MT of oxygen to the air, which is about 4 times as much as the Poplar tree, often grown because of its high ability to produce oxygen. [check the figures with the BMW report]
The technical properties of the Jute fiber contain many useful characteristics that probably makes it the most sustainable alternative in many different application fields:
- Having a tensile strength comparable to steel.
- It is light. It is about 30% lighter than glass fiber.
- It has low density.
- It has insulating properties.
- It is 100 natural, biodegradable, recyclable and combustible.
- It has anti-static and UV protective properties.
- It is CO2 neutral.
- It is antibacterial and antiseptic
Jute fiber production is often connected to poverty reduction, ethic standards and self-empowerment in some of the poorest countries in the world. Advances in Jute research and development have enabled this natural fiber to stand as the best viable candidate for the Green Alternative in the textile, automotive and construction industry. The rising global environmental awareness has brought the “Golden Fiber” back into the limelight.